The Musahiban (mú-cy-bon) derived from Farsi (مصاحب) Musahib, meaning “courtier” or “aide de camp”[1] are a Mohammadzai family[2] who founded an Afghan dynasty which ruled from 1929 to 1978. They are the descendants of Sultan Mohammad Khan Telai. They were last Pashtun dynasty who were overthrown by the Communists.[3]
Name and origins[edit]
The family are descendants of Sultan Muhammad Khan (1795-1861), nicknamed “Telai” which means “possessor of gold” [4] or “golden”, a nickname he was given because of his love of fine clothing.[5] His younger brother was Dost Mohammad Khan (Emir of Afghanistan). He had a son named Yahya and Yahya’s son, Sardar Mohammad Yusuf Khan, founded the Yahya-khel clan which was later named the Musahiban.[4] According to Amin Saikal, “by 1905, Yusuf and his brother, Asef, became the Amir’s Musahiban-e Khas (Attendants par Excellence), from which originated the tribe name Musahiban”.[4]
The Musahiban have historically been known for a step-by-step, culturally progressive and tribally sensitive, evolution for the modernization and opening up of Afghanistan[6] versus the often more radically accelerated strategies promoted in the past.

^ Caroe, Olaf (1958). The Pathans 550 B.C.–A.D. 1957. Macmillan & Co. Ltd. p. 307. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
^ M. Nazif Shahrani (1986). “State Building And Social Fragmentation In Afghanistan:A Historical Perspective”. In Banuazizi, Ali; Weiner, Myron. State, Religion and Ethnic Politics: Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. Syracuse University Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-0815624486. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
^ M Nasif Sharani (2013). “Islamic Movements in the Political Process”. In Esposito, John L.; Shahin, Emad El-Din. The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics. Oxford University Press. p. 459. ISBN 9780195395891. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
^ a b c Saikal, Amin (2004). Modern Afghanistan: A History of Struggle and Survival. B. Tauris. pp. 47–49. ISBN 978-1850434375. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
^ Noelle, Christine (1997). State and Tribe in Nineteenth-Century Afghanistan: The Reign of Amir Dost Muhammad Khan (1826-1863). Routldege. p. 19. ISBN 978-0700706297. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
^ Banuazizi, Ali; Weiner, Myron (1986). The State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics: Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan. Contemporary issues in the Middle East. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. pp. 50–57. ISBN&#